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Episode 13 of the Constitutional podcast

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In 1913, America ratified the 16th Amendment to the Constitution explicitly granting Congress the power to tax incomes. government.

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A handful of people at Fake Designer Bags the top bankers, heads Replica Bags of industry are making more money than the rest of the population combined.

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The year is 1894. They power the government by helping to pay its operating costs, whether those are external (like financing wars) or Replica Designer Handbags internal (like constructing highways). But the type of taxes that Americans pay hasn’t stayed the same over the country’s history.

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The income tax is considered a „progressive“ tax because the tax rate progresses. People with lower aaa replica designer handbags incomes tend to pay a lower tax rate, and people with higher incomes tend to pay a higher tax rate. Constitution was ratified. Because it was the 16th Amendment that gave Congress the explicit power Designer Replica Bags to collect income taxes.

good quality replica bags JOSEPH FISHKIN: And the entire trajectory of the United States in the 20th and now into the 21st century is completely different than it would have been otherwise. good quality replica bags

CUNNINGHAM:This is Joseph Fishkin, a law professor at the University of Texas at Austin.

FISHKIN: When you think about fighting World War II, the Cold War none of this would have been possible if not for the revenue from the income tax. And the entire American Century was basically financed by the income tax.

best replica designer CUNNINGHAM:This fight for a Handbags Replica constitutional amendment to allow Congress to collect income taxes came about during the Gilded Age in America, at the turn of the 20th century, when inequality was rapidly growing and when the new railroad tycoons and oil barons and financiers were amassing extreme wealth in this newly industrial America. best replica designer

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replica bags from china CUNNINGHAM:And why the arrival of the 16th Amendment the income tax so dramatically transformed the contours of America as we know it. replica bags from china

cheap designer bags replica Taxes, more broadly speaking, were of course nothing new to the United States. Back in the 1700s, the colonies cheap replica handbags had operated within England’s taxation system. That originally meant they paid taxes on trade (and the English government set those tax rates); but that each colony could decide for itself what other taxes it wanted to collect from its own citizens. cheap designer bags replica

W. ELLIOT BROWNLEE: They give the Americans a lot of flexibility in deciding what taxes to impose on themselves internally.

CUNNINGHAM:This is W. They imposed something called a head tax a tax that would just be distributed among the citizens of a colony on an equal basis. Every citizen would high quality replica handbags pay the same level of taxes.